Chart of Legal History

 
Chart of ELL Legal History

Chart of ELL Legal Precedents 1950 - 2001



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The chart below shows some of the major legal
decisions that effect the provision of service for Limited English
Proficient Students.











































































Year



Deciding
Body



Name



Description



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1954



Supreme
Court



Brown
vs. Board of Education
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



This
seminal court decision requires public schools to educate
all children, including racial and (by extension) language
minority.



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1964



Federal
Government



Civil
Rights Act Title VI
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



Prohibits
discrimination on the basis of race, color or national
origin in the operation of all federally assisted programs.  Programs found in violation of this act may lose
federal funding



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1968



Federal
Government



Bilingual
Education Act: Title VII
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> of Elem. & Sec. schools



Establishes
federal policy and discretionary funding for bilingual
education programs for economically disadvantaged language
minority students; recognizes the unique educational
disadvantages faced by non- English speaking students in
K-12 settings



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1970



Federal
Government



May
25th Memorandum
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



Articulates
specific responsibilities public schools have to
“rectify the [English] language
deficiency” of non-native speakers enrolled in K-12
public schools.



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1974



Supreme
Court



Lau
vs. Nichols
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



This
decision unequivocally states that schools must not only
teach course content to LEP
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> students, but also must teach these students the
English language skills they need to be successful in these
content courses.



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1974



Federal
Government



Equal
Educational Opportunity Act
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Educational
opportunities must be available to all children, whether or
not English is their home language.



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1978



Federal
Government



Amendments
to Bilingual Education Title VII
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



The
original Act is revised to stress the transitional nature of
native language instruction, to expand eligibility to
legally defined LEP
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> students, and to permit enrollment of English
speaking students into bilingual programs



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1979



United
States Federal Court



Latino
Consent Decree
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> Stipulation



The
Garcia vs. Saint Paul Public Schools
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> action is Decree resolved through a legal
stipulation (see related article)



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1980



Minn.
Legislature



Education
for LEP
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> Students Act style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



This
legislation does three things: legally defines a LEP
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'> Government student; provides supplemental
educational funds to         
districts serving these students; requires districts to meet
certain conditions.



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1982



Supreme
Court



Plyler
vs. Doe
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>



The
Supreme Court denies the state’s right to exclude the
children of illegal immigrants from public schools



style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>1984



Federal
Government



Amendments
to Bilingual Education Act: 
Title VII
style='font-size:10.0pt;color:black'>


 

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